Despite a series of court victories upholding banks' rights to impose fees on automated teller machine use in the last two weeks, Bank of America Corp. and Wells Fargo & Co. are maintaining a lockout on noncustomers' access cards in Santa Monica, Calif., signaling that nothing short of surrender by opponents of the fees will suffice.

The banks both cut ATM services to noncustomers in Santa Monica after passage of an ordinance there banning certain transaction fees, and said those restrictions will remain in place until the city lifts the ordinance.

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