Recently, the Justice Department denied a congressional request for a special counsel to investigate questionable U.S. government credits to Iraq.

Subsidies from the Agriculture Department and the Export-import Bank facilitated. Baghdad's military buildup in the late 1980s, legislators charge. Many of the funds were routed through the Atlanta branch of Italy's Banca Nazionale del Lavoro; the branch manager faces a trial for diverting them for weapons purchases.

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