WASHINGTON — Though lawmakers said Tuesday they support the goal of President Obama's $30 billion program to spur small-business lending, many sharply criticized the proposal, arguing it either would not work or could be done more directly.

Concerns about the plan were bipartisan, with some Democrats saying the problem was not a lack of funds at banks but overzealous examiners. Others said the administration's efforts would be better directed through the Small Business Administration.

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