WASHINGTON — Despite some encouraging economic signs, a clear majority of bankers surveyed by the Federal Reserve Board do not expect underwriting standards for residential real estate, commercial mortgages or credit cards to normalize before 2011.

In the central bank's survey of 55 senior loan officers at domestic institutions, some said it could take even longer for standards to return to the levels that prevailed before the crisis hit. Four in 10 bankers told the Fed that underwriting standards for even investment-grade commercial mortgages would not normalize for "the foreseeable future." Another 20% said that such a recovery would not happen for at least two years.

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