The 20 U.S. financial companies that got the biggest government bailouts awarded their top five executive officers pay packages worth a combined $3.2 billion in the three years before the start of the financial crisis, according to a study.

The review by the Institute For Policy Studies came as financial-industry pay at some companies has come under White House scrutiny. Seven banks and industrial companies that got significant bailouts had to submit proposals for their compensation packages, and some in Congress have been weighing various pay restrictions.

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