WASHINGTON — Bailed out, sometimes repeatedly, by the government and now confirmed as "too big to fail," many of the largest banks are viewed as having benefited from the financial crisis.

But under legislation expected to be approved by the House Financial Services Committee today, the largest firms would pay in myriad ways that could impede their growth, reduce their liquidity and drive up their costs, according to observers.

Subscribe Now

Access to authoritative analysis and perspective and our data-driven report series.

14-Day Free Trial

No credit card required. Complete access to articles, breaking news and industry data.