WASHINGTON -- A European-style, industry-based approach to recycling of municipal trash is costlier and less efficient than the current U.S. approach that lets municipalities play a large role, according to a former senior Environmental Protection Agency official.

"Micromanagement is the enemy of recycling. However, American politicians are increasingly tempted to force recycling through European-style central planning," said J. Winston Porter, a consultant who served as EPA assistant administrator for solid waste from 1985 to 1989.

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