WASHINGTON — As the Senate struggled with a massive regulatory reform bill, a key House committee chairman tried to jump-start debate on a much narrower banking issue: interchange fees.

House Judiciary Committee Chairman John Conyers Jr. held a hearing Wednesday to try to revive a bill that would allow retailers an antitrust exemption so they could negotiate with card networks on fee rates and terms. The legislation was approved by the panel in 2008 but did not reach the House floor.

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