JPMorgan Chase's contract to provide debit cards to inmates released from federal prison may have backfired after a former convict raised a ruckus.

The bank agreed to pay a total of $446,822 to thousands of former prisoners to settle a class-action suit claiming JPMorgan ripped them off with $10 fees to withdraw money from a teller window and $2 charges for using non-network ATMs, according to a filing on Monday in federal court in Philadelphia.

JPMorgan's contract with the Bureau of Prisons was a scheme "to exploit one of the most vulnerable groups imaginable — releasees from federal corrections facilities," the complaint said. "Every cent counts for federal releasees who are coming out of prison without an immediate means of income."

The New York-based bank also agreed to pay as much as $250,000 in plaintiffs' attorneys' fees and costs, the filing said. A hearing on the proposed settlement agreement hasn't yet been scheduled by the judge overseeing the case.

"I left prison with $120," one unnamed former inmate said, in the complaint. "Because of the fees, I was only able to use about $70 of it."

Plaintiffs' attorney David Stanoch said the settlement will return the fees charged to inmates under the contract, including 45 cents for balance inquiries and a $1.50 inactivity charge that the bank couldn't justify in court.

"It's unclear what, if anything, these fees are tethered to in terms of cost or administration of the program," Stanoch said of the inactivity charge. "It's simply money sitting there and not requiring Chase to do anything."

Joseph Evangelisti, a spokesman for JPMorgan, declined to comment on the settlement.

The complaint, filed in September 2015, said inmates released from all U.S. federal prisons since at least 2008 were required to get Chase debit cards to receive the balance in their accounts, which held money sent from family or friends for commissary purchases, as well as wages for prison jobs.

Under the bank's no-bid contract, prisoners weren't allowed to review or approve the terms and conditions, the plaintiffs' group said. The deal stemmed from an agreement between the bank and the U.S. Department of the Treasury to provide debit-card services to a variety of agencies, mostly as a means to replace checks.

But unlike employees of other federal agencies, prison inmates didn't have a choice about whether to use the cards, which weren't re-loadable, Stanoch said. That all changed, the attorney said, after the lead plaintiff, Jesse Krimes, challenged the fees upon his release from prison for a nonviolent drug offense.

"At some point he noticed a fee being charge and that piqued his interest and caused him to question what it was," Stanoch said of Krimes. "When he was unable to get a satisfactory answer from Chase customer service, it led down this path."

The Bureau of Prisons didn't immediately reply to a call and e-mail seeking comment. The agency wasn't sued in the case.

Krimes was released from a medium-security facility in Fairton, New Jersey, in 2014, according to the Bureau of Prisons website.

The debit-card dispute mirrors an earlier fight between inmates and the Bureau of Prisons over how much they were charged to make phone calls — and fees charged to their families to receive collect calls. Last year, the Federal Communications Commission said it would cap the rates, which had been set under contracts with telephone companies.

The case is Krimes v. JPMorgan Chase Bank NA, 2:15-cv-05087, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia).

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