Two Supreme Court decisions in the term that ended in June have prompted debate about the role of counties in managing the flow of solid waste, and in financing public improvements by imposing land use permit conditions on developers.

The court struck down state and local waste flow control laws in a May 16 ruling in C&A Carbone v. Clarkstown, N.Y., saying such laws violate the Constitution's commerce clause. The clause prohibits states from erecting barriers to interstate trade unless expressly authorized to do so by Congress.

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