Financial institutions' increasing reliance on automated teller machine surcharges is helping sustain growth in ATM deployment nationwide, according to a recent survey.

The number of machines available to consumers increased 22%, to 167,000, in 1997 from the 1996 total, according to Speer & Associates' 13th annual ATM study. Most of the growth occurred at nonbank sites, which accounted for 42% of all ATMs, up from 33% in 1996.

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