WASHINGTON -- New York, Chicago, Detroit, and 101 other jurisdictions were named enterprise zones yesterday by the Clinton Administration, giving them the authority to issue a new type of tax-exempt private-activity bond to finance loans to businesses in their areas.

The three cities were among nine areas receiving special "empowerment zone" status, which entitles them to a wide array of tax incentives and federal grants, along with the authority to issue enterprise zone bonds. The other urban empowerment zones are Atlanta, Baltimore, and an area containing parts of Philadephia and Camden, N.J.

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