WASHINGTON - The Senate is expected to approve bankruptcy reform legislation as early as Tuesday and intensify what promises to be lengthy struggle between the White House and Republican congressional leaders over the final bill.

Debate resumed Wednesday in the Senate for the first time since adjournment in November, when the legislation was left unfinished because of partisan disagreements. Congress returned Monday with the fate of the bill still up in the air, but Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott and Minority Leader Thomas A. Daschle reached a procedural compromise that would permit Democrats to offer two controversial, peripheral amendments and let the legislation advance.

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