Japan is now competing in sophisticated global financial markets in which capital is king, thanks to the guidelines issued by the Bank for International Settlements in 1988.

Capital is not only king, but in Japan, it is scarce. The Japanese economy is a bursting bubble - particularly in the stock market arena. Profits have become more important than total assets.

Limited Time Offer

Save $400 off your subscription. Special offer ends April 30, 2017.

14-Day Free Trial

No credit card required. Complete access to articles, breaking news and industry data.