A slow start
Despite featuring the biggest bank deal in a decade this year, bank M&A overall is off to a sluggish start in 2019.

That was particularly true for March, when only 11 deals were announced, according to data compiled by FIG Partners. Those deals had an aggregate value of $2.5 billion, thanks largely to one deal, while the average premium was 166% of sellers’ tangible common equity, based on data from S&P Global Market Intelligence.

The lethargy extended to first quarter activity, which was the slowest in at least five years. FIG counted 50 deals in the quarter, representing a 12% decline from 2018 and a 28% drop from 2015.

To be sure, 2019 has seen a few large mergers of similarly sized companies, including the combinations of Chemical-TCF and BB&T-SunTrust, that have propped up overall volume.

March, meanwhile, did have some notable deals.

BancorpSouth announced two acquisitions, a large foreign bank agreed to sell its U.S. operations and another credit union announced plans to buy a small bank.

Here is a look at the activity that took place last month.
Dan Rollins
BancorpSouth doubles down
BancorpSouth CEO Dan Rollins (pictured) likes to buy banks in pairs.

The $18 billion-asset BancorpSouth agreed on March 6 to buy Summit Financial Enterprises in Panama City, Fla., and Van Alstyne Financial in Texas for a total of $194 million. The deals will add a dozen branches, $614 million in loans and $731 million in deposits.

The announcements continue a trend for BancorpSouth. The bank agreed in November to buy Merchants Trust and Casey Bancorp. Those deals just closed.

BancorpSouth also announced two deals — Ouachita Bancshares and Central Community Bank — within weeks of each other in 2014. Those deals were delayed for four years while BancorpSouth worked through a number of regulatory issues.
MANDA2 chart.jpg
A big divestiture
It took several years and multiple efforts, but Mechanics Bank in Walnut Creek, Calif., was finally able to buy Rabobank Group’s U.S. bank.

The $6 billion-asset Mechanics agreed in mid-March to buy the $13.9 billion-asset Rabobank in Roseville, Calif., from its Dutch parent for $2.1 billion. The acquisition — one of the biggest bank deals in recent years — will nearly triple Mechanics’ asset size.

The transaction, which provides Mechanics with a statewide presence that it had highly coveted, had been in the works for several years.

The banks had negotiated a deal two years ago, but agreed to walk away to give Rabobank time to resolve legal issues. In February 2018, Rabobank's U.S. bank unit admitted guilt to felony conspiracy allegations and agreed to pay $369 million, including a $50 million fine to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.
Patrick Ryan is CEO of First Bank in Hamilton, N.J.
A deal between neighbors
First Bank in Hamilton, N.J., didn't have to look far for its latest acquisition.

The $1.7 billion-asset bank agreed on March 20 to pay $19.4 million for the $197 million-asset Grand Bank in Hamilton Square, N.J. The deal, which is expected to close in the third quarter, priced Grand at 87.5% of its tangible book value.

The banks' headquarters are just miles away from each other.

"This strategic transaction strengthens our market position and deposit share in our core Central New Jersey marketplace, while complementing our strong organic growth strategy," said Patrick Ryan, First Bank's president and CEO (pictured).

"Grand Bank's organizational values and culture are a very good fit with ours, and we are delighted to welcome Grand Bank's employees to the First Bank team," Ryan added.
A trend continues
Yet another Florida credit union is buying a bank.

The $655 million-asset Power Financial Credit Union in Pembroke Pines agreed last week to buy the $204 million-asset TransCapital Bank in Sunrise. The price of the deal, which is expected to close in the third quarter, was not disclosed.

The $655 million-asset Power Financial has six branches and 32,000 members; TransCapital has 2,500 customers.

It's the fourth deal this year in which a credit union is acquiring a bank, and in each case the seller was based in Florida. Two of the nine credit union-bank deals announced last year were also in the Sunshine State.
Turning the tables
Alliance Bank Central Texas in Waco is doing something unusual — buying all the loans of a nearby credit union.

The $316 million-asset bank will also buy Texas Farm Bureau Federal Credit Union's only branch. The price was not disclosed.

The $6.7 million-asset credit union had $3.4 million in loans on Dec. 31. Its biggest category — 266 loans totaling $1.1 million — is unsecured loans and lines of credit. The credit union also holds about $1 million in loans for used cars.

A spokesman for the credit union said the membership approved the sale on March 25. While the deal doesn't involve deposits, the spokesman said a lot of the credit union's members are moving their accounts to Alliance.

Texas Farm Bureau Credit Union decided to pursue the deal because of the pending retirement of several longtime employees and the increasing challenges of keeping up with technology. Management reached out to several credit unions about a merger, but was rebuffed when maintaining the headquarters branch was made a condition.