WASHINGTON — The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau has taken a cautious approach to its oversight of payday lenders so far, but is likely to issue new regulations covering the industry next year, according to several observers.

In November the agency began taking complaints on payday loans, complaints that are likely to serve as the basis for enforcement actions and new rules. The CFPB has already employed a similar strategy in recent months with regard to debt collection, first gathering complaints and then using them to issue a proposal.

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