WASHINGTON — A ruling by a federal appeals court last week that President Obama acted improperly in recess appointing members of the National Labor Relations Board may encourage Democrats to cut a deal on the structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

Senate Republicans have refused to consider any nominee to head the CFPB for the past two years unless several changes are made, including replacing the single director with a five-member commission and subjecting it to the congressional appropriations process.

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