WASHINGTON — The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. can exercise broad power over any bank that uses its program to temporarily guarantee debt and zero-interest deposits, according to an interim rule the agency released Thursday.

Under the rule, the FDIC may conduct on-site reviews of any participating institution and may levy a special premium across the industry if the program ends up costing the government money. FDIC officials said the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee program was necessary to help stabilize financial markets.

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