WASHINGTON -- The Senate Labor and Human Resources Committee yesterday unanimously approved a comprehensive education bill, but blocked attempts to add a provision that would have revamped the college financial and system and eliminated the need for tax-exempt student loan bonds.

The Senate panel's bill is at odds with the version passed last week by the House Education and Labor Committee, which would phase out by 1996 the current system of federally guaranteed bank loans in favor of a direct-loan program financed by the federal government.

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