WASHINGTON — The battle over whether commercial firms, such as Walmart Stores, should be allowed to own a bank may be poised to start again soon after having been eclipsed in recent years by the financial crisis and its aftermath.

Congress delayed the issue in the Dodd-Frank Act by enacting a three-year ban that prevents purely commercial firms from owning industrial loan companies and other limited-purpose banking charters — a moratorium that is now due to expire in July.

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