Wells Fargo profit surprise offers respite to 2019's tough start
Wells Fargo & Co. investors who stuck with the bank through a bumpy few months are being rewarded with the best first quarter in five years.
Net income climbed 14% as the bank cut costs and revenue fell less than expected. Non-interest expense fell 7.3% to $13.9 billion as the bank made progress on an initiative started by former Chief Executive Officer Tim Sloan and avoided any big legal charges.
Wells Fargo continues to work through scandals that claimed two chief executive officers. Under Sloan, who resigned as CEO last month, Wells Fargo tried to simplify operations and pursue growth while constrained by regulatory restrictions.
Scandals erupted at Wells Fargo two and a half years ago with the revelation that employees opened millions of potentially fake accounts to meet sales goals. The fallout resulted in CEO John Stumpf’s ouster, with Sloan taking his place. During Sloan’s tenure, Wells Fargo discovered problems in more business lines, subjecting the bank to more than a dozen probes by U.S. agencies and a growth ban from the Federal Reserve.
Wells Fargo’s tumultuous start to 2019 was capped by Sloan stepping down at the end of March amid regulatory, political and investor scrutiny. The board is searching for a new leader outside the bank. C. Allen Parker, Wells Fargo’s general counsel, is running the bank in the meantime.
Revenue fell 1.4% to $21.6 billion in the first quarter but was still more than the $21 billion average estimate of 21 analysts in a Bloomberg survey.
Earnings per share rose to $1.20, sure to please at least one key investor. Warren Buffett, whose Berkshire Hathaway Inc. is the bank’s biggest shareholder, told the Financial Times earlier this month that he doesn’t care whether revenue increases at Wells Fargo, he cares “about whether they grow in earnings per share over time.”
Wells Fargo shares rose to $48.19 at 8:21 a.m. in early New York trading after closing at $47.74 on Thursday. They’ve gained 3.6% this year through Thursday’s close, trailing the 14% increase in the KBW Bank Index.
JPMorgan Chase & Co. also reported results Friday, posting an increase in revenue driven by record-high net interest income. Revenue on a managed basis at the biggest U.S. bank increased 4.7% to $29.9 billion.
Digging deeper into Wells Fargo’s numbers:
Efficiency ratio, a measure of profitability, worsened to 64.4% from 63.6% in the fourth quarter of 2018. Sloan had been targeting 55% to 59% in the long term, excluding litigation costs. Net interest margin, the difference between what a bank charges borrowers and pays depositors, rose 7 basis points from a year earlier as banks continue to benefit from the Federal Reserve’s past rate hikes.