The Federal Trade Commission has approved an order resolving allegations that Google Inc. unfairly billed consumers millions of dollars for in-app charges incurred by children without their parents’ consent.

The settlement requires Google to provide full refunds of unauthorized in-app charges incurred by children and to modify its billing practices to obtain express, informed consent from consumers before billing them for in-app charges. If the company gets consumers’ consent for future charges, consumers must have the option to withdraw their consent at any time.

When Google first introduced in-app charges to the Google Play store in 2011, the FTC’s complaint alleged, Google billed for such charges without any password requirement or other method to obtain account holder authorization.

The complaint also alleged that even after requiring a password to incur in-app charges, the company failed to tell parents that entering the password would then open a 30-minute window during which children could make unlimited charges without authorization.

Google is required to contact all consumers who had an in-app charge to inform them of the refund process for unauthorized in-app charges by children within 15 days of the order being finalized.

Google must make these refunds promptly, upon request from an account holder. Should the company provide less than $19 million in refunds within a year of the settlement’s approval, the company will be required to remit the balance to the FTC for use in providing additional remedies to consumers or for return to the U.S. Treasury.

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