Since April 1996, when the Plus and Cirrus networks lifted their bans on automated teller machine surcharges, these fees have taken off like gangbusters-and have become the most controversial issue facing ATM networks and their bank members.

Though banks and some nonbank deployers are enjoying increased revenue, the public debate has intensified, opposition to surcharges has hardened, and the threat of federal and state legislation looms.

Limited Time Offer

Save $400 off your subscription. Special offer ends April 30, 2017.

14-Day Free Trial

No credit card required. Complete access to articles, breaking news and industry data.